Cultural and creative industries as motor for urban regeneration and economic vitality



The economic contribution of the cultural and creative sector (CCS) in the European Union in general and to regional development in particular is widely acknowledged. CCS accounts for 3.3% of the EU GDP and generates 6.7 million jobs (3% of total employment), being one of the most dynamic sectors in Europe. Recent data also show that, in a time of crisis, employment in the sector proved to be more resilient that the rest of the economy. In terms of wealth creation, cultural and creative industries (CCIs) grew much faster than other sectors.

Specific features of the CCI at local and regional level

CCI are characterised by a number of unique features that represent specific development challenges and opportunities: first of all, the sector tends to be dominated by small but flexible and dynamic organisations, very much user- and service-oriented. Second, although sub-sectors are quite heterogeneous as for markets, business models or turnover, all sub-sectors are human-capital-intensive. Third, CCIs are particularly innovative: data show that the innovation performance of the CCIs is above average, although often underestimated due to the mostly non-technological nature of these activities. Even though the emergence of a “creative economy” is a global trend, it is at the local and regional level that this creative potential is best witnessed and stimulated: local and regional authorities are in a crucial position to establish creative ecosystems fostering the development of CCIs.

Culture and creativity as catalyst for urban and territorial regeneration

Due to the broad range of impacts that they can generate, CCIs proved to be an important tool to turn the challenges of deindustrialization into a growth opportunity. Many cities and regions across Europe have called on CCIs to regenerate former industrial areas with a view to address both social and economic issues. CCIs have a significant role to play with a view to help cities and regions to re-invent themselves and give abandoned areas new purposes and identity.

CCIs to stimulate economic growth and vitality

Cities are essential to the development of creative ecosystems fostering new economic activities and emerging industries. Whilst innovation has been traditionally led by the industry, cities are increasingly experimenting with new ways to attract creative talents and unleash CCIs’ capacity to innovate. Many cities and regions are developing new tools and facilities to foster the sustainable development and the internationalisation of CCIs. Development strategies focused on CCIs are also instrumental to create positive economic impacts at local level. The promotion of creative entrepreneurship offers an important stimulus to the emergence of new economic activities thus generating new employment opportunities and growth. In addition, the presence of a vital CCIs sector can play an important role in attracting private investments to support culture-related policies.

The contribution of the CCIs to the new economy

CCIs and CCI operators play an increasingly important role in the new economy as they are a key source of creativity and innovation, either in their working methods or in their ability to exploit the capacity of people to think inventively and imaginatively. Being at the crossroads between arts, business and technology, creative industries are in a strategic position to trigger cross-sectorial innovation or the so-called creative spill overs. Cities and regions have taken the lead on promoting creative spill overs as their size is the most appropriate to allow knowledge flows and networking between businesses and entrepreneurs.





Case studies catalogue - 2.0 complete version  Download
Case study - Aarhus: City of museums  Download
Case study - Amsterdam: THNX  Download
Case study - Barcelona: Barcelona Art Factories  Download
Case study - Bergen: Corner Teateret  Download
Case study - Berlin - Projekt Zukunft  Download
Case study - Bilbao - Bilbao Bizkaia  Download
Case study - Bologna: IncrediBOL!  Download
Case study - Brno - Creative Brno  Download
Case study - Cesis: Cultural strategy 2008-2015  Download
Case study - Copenhagen - Kunstgreb  Download
Case study - Dublin - Temple Bar  Download
Case study - Dundee: Creative industries, support for growth  Download
Case study - Eindhoven - Strijp-S  Download
Case study - Ghent - Acupuncture strategy  Download
Case study - Iasi - Romanian National Opera  Download
Case study - Ii - KulttuuriKauppila Art Centre  Download
Case study - Karlsruhe: Kreativpark Alter Schlachthof  Download
Case study - Kortrijk - Buda Fabriek  Download
Case study - Kosice - Tabachka and Kararne  Download
Case study - Lapland: Midnight Sun Film Festival  Download
Case study - Lille - From Lille2004 to Lille3000  Download
Case study - Limousin - International hub for tapestry and woven art  Download
Case study - Linz: Ars Electronica  Download
Case study - Liverpool: Culture Liverpool Action Plan  Download
Case study - Lodzkie region: Museum of Art  Download
Case study - Madrid: Matadero Madrid  Download
Case study - Magdeburg: KreativSalon  Download
Case study - Nantes: Quartier de la Creation  Download
Case study - Nord-Pas de Calais: Euralens  Download
Case study - Norrkoping: Hallarna  Download
Case study - North Portugal: ADDICT  Download
Case study - Pecs - Cultural Creative Industry Cluster  Download
Case study - Rotterdam - Investing in CCIs  Download
Case study - Ruhr - Zollverein Park  Download
Case study - Saint-Etienne: La Cite du Design  Download
Case study - Sofia: Public/private fund for innovation in culture  Download
Case study - Tartu - Tartu Centre for Creative Industries  Download
Case study - Terrassa: Catalonia Audiovisual Park  Download
Case study - Thessaloniki - Creativity for Th.  Download
Case study - Thurrock: High House Production Park  Download
Case study - Turin - Contemporary Art Torino Piemonte  Download
Case study - Utrecht - Dutch Game Garden  Download
Case study - Vilnius: Beepart  Download
Case study - Wallonia: Creative Wallonia  Download
Case study - Zagreb: Mala Performerska Scena  Download
Case study - Zilina - Stanica Cultural Centre  Download